India has more than 10 million cases of stomach flu annually. Stomach flu is also known as a viral gastroenteritis, which is an inflammation of the intestines and stomach caused by one of the any number of viruses.
This flu is contiguous and spread by having contacts with the infected person or contaminated water or food. In addition, it spreads by touching a contaminated surface like doorknob or blanket.
Following are the symptoms that usually start one or two days after the infection –
- Fever, chills
- Sweating, clammy skin
- Nausea and vomiting
- Watery diarrhea
- Headache, muscle aches, joint aches
The focus of treatment is to drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. In severe cases, hospitalization and intravenous (within the veins) fluids are necessary.
Viral gastroenteritis or stomach flu is easily spread. There are some ways in which you can prevent yourself from coming in contact with the virus and spreading it –
- Wash your hands before preparing and eating food and after using washroom. Also, use hand sanitizer until you can access soap and water.
- Do not share kitchen utensils, towels or plates if someone in your house is sick.
- Wash vegetables and fruits thoroughly.
- Avoid eating raw or undercooked foods.
- Use bottled water whenever possible and avoid ice cubes.
- When travelling, avoid contaminated food and water by taking special precautions.
- Get vaccination if necessary.
- There are two vaccines for rotavirus, which are generally given when an infant is two months old.